Geostatistics and GIS to Analyze the Spatial Distribution of the Diversity of Fruit Flies: The Effect of Forest Fragments in an Urban Area

Environmental Entomology, Published 23 September 2017

By A G Garcia, M R Araujo, K Uramoto, J M M Walder, and R A Zucchi

“Fruit flies are among the most damaging insect pests of commercial fruit in Brazil. It is important to understand the landscape elements that may favor these flies. In the present study, spatial data from surveys of species of Anastrepha Schiner (Diptera: Tephritidae) in an urban area with forest fragments were analyzed, using geostatistics and Geographic Information System (GIS) to map the diversity of insects and evaluate how the forest fragments drive the spatial patterns.

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“The results indicated a high diversity of species associated with large fragments, and a trend toward lower diversity in the more urbanized area, as the fragment sizes decreased. We concluded that the diversity of Anastrepha species is directly and positively related to large and continuous forest fragments in urbanized areas, and that combining geostatistics and GIS is a promising method for use in insect-pest management and sampling involving fruit flies.”

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