A Hierarchical Approach to Optimizing Bus Stop Distribution in Large and Fast Developing Cities

isprsISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 2014, 3(2), 554-564

By Zhengdong Huang and Xuejun Liu

“Public transit plays a key role in shaping the transportation structure of large and fast growing cities. To cope with high population and employment density, such cities usually resort to multi-modal transit services, such as rail, BRT and bus. These modes are strategically connected to form an effective transit network. Among the transit modes, bus stops need to be properly deployed to maintain an acceptable walking accessibility. This paper presents a hierarchical process for optimizing bus stop locations in the context of fast growing multi-modal transit services.

Distribution of existing and optimized bus stops.

Distribution of existing and optimized bus stops.

“Three types of bus stops are identified hierarchically, which includes connection stops, key stops and ordinary stops. Connection stops are generated manually to connect with other transit facilities. Key stops and ordinary stops are optimized with coverage models that are respectively weighted by network centrality measure and potential demand. A case study in a Chinese city suggests the hierarchical approach may generate more effective stop distribution. ”