Sharing Human-Generated Observations by Integrating HMI and the Semantic Sensor Web

Sensors 2012, 12(5), 6307-6330, published online 11 May 2012

Álvaro Sigüenza, David Díaz-Pardo, Jesús Bernat, Vasile Vancea, José Luis Blanco, David Conejero, and Luis Hernández Gómez

“Current “Internet of Things” concepts point to a future where connected objects gather meaningful information about their environment and share it with other objects and people. In particular, objects embedding Human Machine Interaction (HMI), such as mobile devices and, increasingly, connected vehicles, home appliances, urban interactive infrastructures, etc., may not only be conceived as sources of sensor information, but, through interaction with their users, they can also produce highly valuable context-aware human-generated observations. We believe that the great promise offered by combining and sharing all of the different sources of information available can be realized through the integration of HMI and Semantic Sensor Web technologies. This paper presents a technological framework that harmonizes two of the most influential HMI and Sensor Web initiatives: the W3C’s Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) with its semantic extension, respectively.

Experimental setup for publishing driver-generated observations in the Semantic Sensor Web.

Experimental setup for publishing driver-generated observations in the Semantic Sensor Web.

“Although the proposed framework is general enough to be applied in a variety of connected objects integrating HMI, a particular development is presented for a connected car scenario where drivers’ observations about the traffic or their environment are shared across the Semantic Sensor Web. For implementation and evaluation purposes an on-board OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative) architecture was built, integrating several available HMI, Sensor Web and Semantic Web technologies. A technical performance test and a conceptual validation of the scenario with potential users are reported, with results suggesting the approach is sound.”

Jack Dangermond Selected as 2012 UCGIS Fellow

Jack Dangermond

Jack Dangermond

The University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) has selected Esri founder and president Jack Dangermond as one of its 2012 fellows. Dangermond, who is being recognized for his contributions to the advancement of geographic information systems (GIS), UCGIS, and conservation, joins Dr. Luc Anselin, Dr. David Cowen, Dr. Max Egenhofer, Dr. Gerard Rushton, and Dr. Waldo Tobler in the 2012 UCGIS Fellow class. The group will be formally presented at the upcoming UCGIS 2012 Symposium May 30–June 1, 2012, in Washington, DC.

The grade of fellow is bestowed on those who have had an extraordinary record of accomplishments in any of the spatial disciplines and communities of practice that use spatial information to complement and support their business operations or personal activities.

A landscape architect by training, Dangermond founded Esri in 1969 with a vision that a mapping and analysis framework provides a deeper understanding of our world, enabling people to design a better future. Dangermond’s leadership and vision have accelerated the ongoing innovation of GIS technologies that enable people to make insightful decisions and improve the quality of life everywhere. Esri supports a wide variety of global communities using GIS to increase spatial literacy, protect the environment, and assist with disaster response.

[Source: Esri press release]