Spatio-temporal Analysis of Groundwater Resource using GIS: A Case Study of Murshidabad District, West Bengal, India

Golden Research ThoughtsGolden Research Thoughts, Volume I, Issue VIII, February 2012

Debabrata Mondal

“In modern time, Geographic Information System (GIS) has been considered as a powerful tool in mapping of ground water resources. The study area Murshidabad district has experienced a remarkable change in ground water table throughout the decades. The present paper is an attempt to evaluate the decadal trend of ground water fluctuation in several blocks of the district along with their possible causes by using the data from secondary sources and processed them through GIS software.

“Groundwater is the only reliable water resource for domestic, as well as for agriculture practice in those countries where rainfall is erratic. Since the country of India has its economic base lying on agricultural sector, a major emphasis has been given to accelerate the agricultural production without concerning the environmental issues for feeding its huge population. From the last few decades gradual depletion of groundwater supplies as a consequence of continued population growth and initiation of Boro cultivation over the Gangetic moribund delta has now been considered as an emerging problem. Now a day’s Murshidabad district is also facing this invisible hazard of groundwater depletion. In this regard monitoring, analyzing of groundwater is necessary for assessing its quantity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     “Ground water fluctuation map is an important tool for analyzing the temporal as well as spatial changing pattern of groundwater resources. In this regard Geographic Information System (GIS) plays a crucial role for analyzing, model building and interpreting the groundwater data. In order to obtain long term groundwater information, GIS has been used in this study to visually and spatially analyze groundwater data.”

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