Evaluation of Maize Variety Suitability on Lodging in Target Environments based on GIS

Annals of GISAnnals of GIS, Volume 17, Issue 4, 2011

Chunqiao Mi, Xiaodong Zhang, Shaoming Li, Jianyu Yang & Dehai Zhu

“Lodging is one of the major problems in maize production which causes severe yield loss every year all over the world. In the present study, the lodging suitability of different maize varieties in target growing environments was investigated based on geographical information science. A total of 401 maize planting counties in northeast China and northern China were selected as study areas. The mean and standard deviation of environment accumulated temperature in vegetative stage of maize were calculated from raw temperature data obtained from 167 meteorology stations in these areas. The variety lodging resistance was determined based on the data of national regional variety trials for maize, and the environment lodging stress was measured using field survey data on lodging. Probability analysis based on the calculated values of environment accumulated temperature in vegetative stage of maize was utilized to determine whether a maize variety can be physically mature in a planting county, and lodging suitability of the variety was evaluated with geographical information science combining variety lodging resistance and local environment lodging stress together. A new maize variety NH1101 was taken as an example to illustrate the modeling and calculating procedures. The result shows that, from southwest to northeast of the study areas, the overall suitability trend changes from nonsuitable to suitable, then to not very suitable. And it is demonstrated that the lodging suitability is not only related to the variety resistance but also to the local environment stress.”