Temporal Analysis of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) Parameters to Detect Changes in the Iberian Land Cover between 1981 and 2001

International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 32, No. 7, 10 April 2011, 2057–2068

YVES JULIEN, JOSE A. SOBRINO, CRISTIAN MATTAR, ANA B. RUESCAS, JUAN C. JIME´NEZ-MUN˜ OZ, GUILLEM SO` RIA, VICTORIA HIDALGO, MARIAM ATITAR, BELEN FRANCH, and JUAN CUENCA

“In past decades, the Iberian Peninsula has been shown to have suffered vegetation changes such as desertification and reforestation. Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and land surface temperature (LST) parameters, estimated from data acquired by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite series, are particularly adapted to assess these changes. This work presents an application of the yearly land-cover dynamics (YLCD)methodology to analyse the behaviour of the vegetation, which consists of a combinedmultitemporal study of the NDVI and LST parameters on a yearly basis.Throughout the 1981–2001 period, trend analysis of the YLCD parameters emphasizes the areas that have endured the greatest changes in their vegetation. This result is corroborated by results from previous studies.”