Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Institutional and Policy Landscape in Asia and Pacific

Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe

December 2010

“The Asia and Pacific region is the world’s most disaster prone. There are a number of disaster risk hotspots in the region, and it is expected that existing risk patterns will intensify as a result of climate change. Responding to these challenges, the Asia and Pacific region has witnessed promising developments to advance disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) at regional, sub‐regional, and national levels.

“The DRR and CCA represent policy goals, one concerned with an ongoing problem (disasters) and the other with an emerging issue (climate change). While these concerns have different origins, they overlap a great deal through the common factor of weather and climate and the similar tools used to monitor, analyze and address adverse consequences. It makes sense, therefore, to consider them and implement them in a systematic and integrated manner.

“DRR is the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and the improved preparedness for adverse events (UNISDR, 2009). CCA means the adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change‐UNFCCC).”