Free Esri Widget Embeds Mapping in IBM Lotus and WebSphere Mashups

The new Map Widget for ArcGIS is available for IBM Lotus Greenhouse and WebSphere Portal Business Solutions Catalog users. It allows them to embed mapping and geographic information system (GIS) capabilities in mashup applications. The map widget can be used within IBM products such as the IBM Mashup Center and IBM WebSphere Portal Server.

“Map Widget for ArcGIS is an Enterprise 2.0 solution,” says Josh Lewis, director, Esri Partner Network. “It provides a direct link between two enterprise ecosystems: IBM’s Lotus and WebSphere Portal and Esri’s ArcGIS Online maps and services.”

Developers and end users can employ the map widget to create easy-to-use, highly visual enterprise mashups that display dynamic business information on interactive maps. The widget does not require programming and is entirely configurable. The end user has the ability to change basemaps and connect to ArcGIS services as well as combine the map widget with other widgets and portlets.

For example, within a single portal environment, an organization can use the widget to configure a spatially enabled, operational dashboard with multiple maps for monitoring and managing distinct assets distributed across multiple locations.

The widget is based on ArcGIS API for JavaScript and adheres to IBM’s iWidget specification. The download includes an optimized, compiled widget ready for deployment, user documentation, and license text.

Developers can obtain the source code released under the open source Apache license, version 2.0, directly from ArcGIS Online.

[Source: Esri press release]

Social Network Interaction among Nested Sets in Dynamic Contexts: Disaster Operations as a Laboratory for Social Change

Spatio-Temporal Constraints on Social Networks Workshop, University of California, Santa Barbara, Center for Spatial Studies, 13-14 December 2010

Louise K. Comfort

“Disaster operations represent a classic laboratory for the study of social network interactions that are constrained by both space and time and that involve multiple modes of communication. Further, these interactions vary significantly at different levels of authority, capacity, and severity of damage to the affected community. At each level of operation, differences in resources, number of skilled personnel, extent of prior knowledge, and experience affect significantly the frequency and type of interactions among organizations in a given community as well as access to outside sources of assistance, and potential strategies for reducing risk and minimizing losses.”

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Viability of U.S. Postal Service Retail Centers in Marquette County, Wisconsin

Report prepared for the Center for the Study of the Postal Market, December 21, 2010

McKinney Austin, Byron Deluke, Isaac Eagan, Dan Kleinmaier, Paige Muegenburg, and Bickey Rimal

“The United States Postal Service (USPS) is facing a fiscal crisis. Between 2007 and 2009, the USPS has amassed losses of nearly $12 billion. Further, it is predicted that in 2010 the USPS will operate at a loss of approximately $7 billion; and when loan figures are taken into account this figure increases to $13 billion. The drastic reduction of USPS use by the public because of substitutes such as email, along with rising costs associated with future pension and insurance payments for retired employees, requires immediate action to mitigate this crisis. Three alternatives are considered in this cost-benefit analysis: 1) maintain the status quo, 2) close the Post Office facility in Packwaukee, Wisconsin, and 3) close the Packwaukee location and replace with an Automated Postal Center (APC). We recommend closing the Packwaukee location and replacing it with an APC.”

Violent Deaths of Iraqi Civilians, 2003–2008: Analysis by Perpetrator, Weapon, Time, and Location

PLoS Medicine, 15 February 2011

Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks, Hamit Dardagan, Gabriela Guerrero Serda´, Peter M. Bagnall, John A.
Sloboda, and Michael Spagat

“Background: Armed violence is a major public health and humanitarian problem in Iraq. In this descriptive statistical analysis we aimed to describe for the first time Iraqi civilian deaths caused by perpetrators of armed violence during the first 5 years of the Iraq war: over time; by weapon used; by region (governorate); and by victim demographics.

“Methods and Findings: We analyzed the Iraq Body Count database of 92,614 Iraqi civilian direct deaths from armed violence occurring from March 20, 2003 through March 19, 2008, of which Unknown perpetrators caused 74% of deaths (n = 68,396), Coalition forces 12% (n = 11,516), and Anti-Coalition forces 11% (n = 9,954). We analyzed the subset of 60,481 civilian deaths from 14,196 short-duration events of lethal violence to link individual civilian deaths to events involving perpetrators and their methods. One-third of civilian violent death was from extrajudicial executions by Unknown perpetrators; quadratic regression shows these deaths progressively and disproportionately increased as deaths from other forms of violence increased across Iraq’s governorates. The highest average number of civilians killed per event in which a civilian died were in Unknown perpetrator suicide bombings targeting civilians (19 per lethal event) and Coalition aerial bombings (17 per lethal event). In temporal analysis, numbers of civilian deaths from Coalition air attacks, and woman and child deaths from Coalition forces, peaked during the invasion. We applied a Woman and Child ‘‘Dirty War Index’’ (DWI), measuring the proportion of women and children among civilian deaths of known demographic status, to the 22,066 civilian victims identified as men, women, or children to indicate relatively indiscriminate perpetrator effects. DWI findings suggest the most indiscriminate effects on women and children were from Unknown perpetrators using mortar fire (DWI = 79) and nonsuicide vehicle bombs (DWI = 54) and from Coalition air attacks (DWI = 69). Coalition forces had higher Woman and Child DWIs than Anti-Coalition forces, with no evidence of decrease over 2003–2008, for all weapons combined and for small arms gunfire, specifically.

“Conclusions: Most Iraqi civilian violent deaths during 2003–2008 of the Iraq war were inflicted by Unknown perpetrators, primarily through extrajudicial executions that disproportionately increased in regions with greater numbers of violent deaths. Unknown perpetrators using suicide bombs, vehicle bombs, and mortars had highly lethal and indiscriminate effects on the Iraqi civilians they targeted. Deaths caused by Coalition forces of Iraqi civilians, women, and children peaked during the invasion period, with relatively indiscriminate effects from aerial weapons.”