The Birth of ArcNews: Esri’s First Newsletter, from 1979

From an interesting article in the Summer 1998 issue of ArcNews called “Twenty Years of ArcNews: Longest Running Continuously Published Periodical Devoted to GIS“…

“The year was 1979, Esri employed all of 50 people, and Jack Dangermond had recently returned from mainland China. Jack sent out a memorandum at that time to Esri users. The memo began, ‘Several organizations we’ve worked with recently have expressed their interest in ongoing, free flowing communications between themselves and Esri. The attached newsletter is intended to be a step in that direction.'”

What started more than 30 years ago as a simple, typed newsletter has evolved into a world-class magazine that reaches more than a million professionals every quarter. From the archives of the Esri Library, here is the complete first issue with cover memorandum.  And you’ve got to love that groovy logo.

Read the newsletter [PDF]

More GIS & Esri history…

Status and Distribution of Mangrove Forests of the World using Earth Observation Satellite Data

Global Ecology and Biogeography, article first published online 17 August 2010

C. Giri,E. Ochieng, L. L. Tieszen, Z. Zhu, A. Singh, T. Loveland, J. Masek, and N. Duke

“Aim: Our scientific understanding of the extent and distribution of mangrove forests of the world is inadequate. The available global mangrove databases, compiled using disparate geospatial data sources and national statistics, need to be improved. Here, we mapped the status and distributions of global mangroves using recently available Global Land Survey (GLS) data and the Landsat archive.

“Methods: We interpreted approximately 1000 Landsat scenes using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. Each image was normalized for variation in solar angle and earth–sun distance by converting the digital number values to the top-of-the-atmosphere reflectance. Ground truth data and existing maps and databases were used to select training samples and also for iterative labelling. Results were validated using existing GIS data and the published literature to map ‘true mangroves’.

“Results: The total area of mangroves in the year 2000 was 137,760 km2 in 118 countries and territories in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Approximately 75% of world’s mangroves are found in just 15 countries, and only 6.9% are protected under the existing protected areas network (IUCN I-IV). Our study confirms earlier findings that the biogeographic distribution of mangroves is generally confined to the tropical and subtropical regions and the largest percentage of mangroves is found between 5° N and 5° S latitude.

“Main conclusions: We report that the remaining area of mangrove forest in the world is less than previously thought. Our estimate is 12.3% smaller than the most recent estimate by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. We present the most comprehensive, globally consistent and highest resolution (30 m) global mangrove database ever created. We developed and used better mapping techniques and data sources and mapped mangroves with better spatial and thematic details than previous studies.”