Spatial Analysis of Selected Manufacturing and Service Sectors in China’s Economy using County Employment Data for 1990 and 2000

Regional Studies, 1360-0591, First published on 25 February 2010

Dean M. Hanink ; Avraham Y. Ebenstein ;Robert G. Cromley

“This paper provides a comparative analysis of the spatial distribution of employment in forty-one economic sectors in China in 1990 and in 2000. Sectors are approximately split between manufacturing and services. Spatial distributions of employment by sector are analysed at the county level, and relative sectoral specialization at the county level is also considered. Manufacturing and service clusters are identified in both years using factor analysis, and the resulting factor scores are used in mapping their spatial extent. In general, geographical concentration in Chinese manufacturing accelerated between 1990 and 2000, while services became more spatially uniform in their distribution.”

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