Urban Transmission of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Argentina: Spatial Analysis Study

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2010 Mar;82(3):433-40

Gil JF, Nasser JR, Cajal SP, Juarez M, Acosta N, Cimino RO, Diosque P, Krolewiecki AJ

“We used kernel density and scan statistics to examine the spatial distribution of cases of pediatric and adult American cutaneous leishmaniasis in an urban disease-endemic area in Salta Province, Argentina. Spatial analysis was used for the whole population and stratified by women > 14 years of age (n = 159), men > 14 years of age (n = 667), and children < 15 years of age (n = 213). Although kernel density for adults encompassed nearly the entire city, distribution in children was most prevalent in the peripheral areas of the city. Scan statistic analysis for adult males, adult females, and children found 11, 2, and 8 clusters, respectively. Clusters for children had the highest odds ratios (P < 0.05) and were located in proximity of plantations and secondary vegetation. The data from this study provide further evidence of the potential urban transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in northern Argentina.”