ESRI president Jack Dangermond is interviewed by Nick Chrisman for his 2006 ESRI Press book “Charting the Unknown: How Computer Mapping at Harvard Became GIS.”
Jack Dangermond was a student at the Harvard Graduate School of Design and a research assistant at the Harvard Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis from 1968 to 1969. He is now president of Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI).
…from the ESRI Map Book, Volume 24…
“With nearly 10,000 kilometers (6,214 miles) of motorway, 25,500 kilometers (15,845 miles) of trunk roads, and 1,600 kilometers (994 miles) of high-speed train lines in Basse-Normandie, transport networks dividing up natural habitats can have two main effects on animal and plant species. One, they reduce the size of the habitat such that populations of species with large home ranges can no longer survive in them. The other effect is the isolation of the remaining habitat patches, such that species have little chance of moving from one to the other.
“In this situation, the species concerned are threatened with local or regional extinction. It is through these processes that habitat fragmentation by transport networks and the resulting secondary phenomena have become the most serious threats to biological diversity on the planetary scale.
“As part of the French national strategy for biodiversity, and in response to the alarming report on the assessment of the A84 motorway concerning collisions with wildlife, the Environment and Geomatics department of the CETE Normandie Centre set up this study of ecological networks in order to propose development plans in favor of the species concerned and to improve the safety of road users.
“Courtesy of CETE Normandie Centre.”
…presented at “Engaging Data: First International Forum on the Application and Management of Personal Electronic Information”, MIT, 12 – 13 October 2009…
Designing for Doubt: Citizen Science and the Challenge of Change
Eric Paulos, Human-Computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
“Vast quantities of data are collected about us and our world: credit card transactions, movements and traffic flows, social networks, disease outbreaks, bird migrations, and flowers blossoming. These datasets span a wide range of public and private information and contexts. However, it is the emergence of a host of mobile phone based citizen sensing platforms that is poised to become the dominant contributor to our datasets. In this paper we outline this important new shift in mobile phone usage – from communication tool to “networked mobile personal measurement instrument”. We propose to explore how these new personal measurement instruments enable an entirely novel and empowering genre of mobile computing and research called citizen science. More importantly we highlight a set of challenges and focus specifically on the need for introducing design strategies for engaging these datasets that encourage doubt rather than promoting blind acceptance of fact as a path towards social change.”