SEC. 371. NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT AND CORRIDORS INFORMATION PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) GEOSPATIAL INTEROPERABILITY FRAMEWORK.—The term ‘‘Geospatial Interoperability Framework’’ means the strategy used by the National Biological Information Infrastructure (based on accepted standards, specifications, and protocols adopted through the International Standards Organization, the Open Geospatial Consortium, and the Federal Geographic Data Committee) to manage, archive, integrate, analyze, and make geospatial and biological data and metadata accessible.
(2) PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘Program’’ means the National Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Corridors Information Program established under subsection (b).
(3) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary of the Interior.
(4) SYSTEM.—The term ‘‘System’’ means the Habitat and Corridors Information System established under subsection (d)(1).
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with the States and Indian tribes, shall establish a National Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Corridors Information Program.
(c) PURPOSE.—The purposes of the Program are—
(1) to support States and Indian tribes in developing geographical information system databases of fish and wildlife habitats and corridors that—
(A) inform planning and development decisions within each State;
(B) enable each State to model climate impacts and adaptation; and
(C) provide geographically specific enhancements of State wildlife action plans;
(2) to ensure the collaborative development of a comprehensive national geographic information system database of maps, models, data, surveys, informational products, and other geospatial information regarding fish and wildlife habitat and corridors that—
(A) is based on consistent protocols for sampling and mapping across landscapes;
(B) takes into account regional differences; and
(i) existing and planned State- and tribal-based geographical information system databases; and
(ii) existing databases, analytical tools, metadata activities, and other information products available through the National Biological Information Infrastructure maintained by the Secretary and nongovernmental organizations; and
(iii) to facilitate the use of those databases by Federal, State, local, and tribal decision makers to incorporate qualitative information on fish and wildlife habitats and corridors at the earliest practicable stage for use in—
(A) prioritizing and targeting natural resources adaptation strategies and activities;
(B) avoiding, minimizing, and mitigating the impacts on fish and wildlife habitat and corridors when locating energy development, water, transmission, transportation, and other land use projects;
(C) assessing the impacts of existing development on habitats and corridors; and
(D) developing management strategies that enhance the ability of fish, wildlife, and plant species to migrate or respond to shifting habitats within existing habitats and corridors.
(d) HABITAT AND CORRIDORS INFORMATION SYSTEM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with States and Indian tribes, shall establish a Habitat and Corridors Information System.
(2) CONTENTS.—The System shall—
(A) include maps, data, and descriptions of fish and wildlife habitat and corridors that—
(i) have been developed by Federal agencies, State wildlife agencies, and natural heritage programs, Indian tribes, local governments, nongovernmental organizations, and industry; and
(ii) meet accepted geospatial interoperability framework data and metadata protocols and standards;
(B) include maps and descriptions of projected shifts in habitats and corridors of fish and wildlife species in response to climate change;
(C) ensure data quality;
(D) at scales useful to decision makers, make data, models, and analyses included in the System available—
(i) to prioritize and target natural resources adaptation strategies and activities;
(ii) to assess the impacts of existing development on habitats and corridors;
(iii) to assess the impacts of proposed energy development, water, transmission, transportation, and other land use projects and to avoid, minimize, or mitigate those impacts on habitats and corridors; and
(iv) to develop management strategies that enhance the ability of fish, wildlife, and plant species to migrate or respond to shifting habitats within existing habitats and corridors;
(E) update maps and other information as landscapes, habitats, corridors, and wildlife populations change, or as new information becomes available;
(F) encourage development of collaborative plans by Federal and State agencies and Indian tribes that monitor and evaluate the ability of the System to meet the needs of decision makers;
(G) identify gaps in habitat and corridor information, mapping, and research needed to fully assess current data and metadata;
(H) prioritize research and future data collection activities for use in updating the System and provide support for those activities;
(I) include mechanisms to support collaborative research, mapping, and planning of habitats and corridors by Federal and State agencies, Indian tribes, and other interested stakeholders;
(J) incorporate biological and geospatial data on species and corridors found in energy development and transmission plans, including renewable energy initiatives, transportation, and other land use plans;
(K) identify, prioritize, and describe key parcels of non-Federal land that—
(i) are located within units of the National Park System, National Wildlife Refuge System, National Forest System, or National Grassland System; and
(ii) are critical to maintenance of wildlife habitat and migration corridors; and
(L) be based on the best scientific information available.
(e) FINANCIAL AND OTHER SUPPORT.—The Secretary may provide support to the States and Indian tribes, including financial and technical assistance, for activities that support the development and implementation of the System.
(f) COORDINATION.—In cooperation with States and Indian tribes, the Secretary shall recommend how the information in the System may be incorporated into relevant State and Federal plans that affect fish and wildlife, including—
(1) land management plans;
(2) the State Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategies; and
(3) appropriate tribal conservation plans.
(g) PURPOSE OF INCORPORATION.—The Secretary shall make the recommendations required by subsection (f) to ensure that relevant State and Federal plans that affect fish and wildlife—
(1) prevent unnecessary habitat fragmentation and disruption of corridors;
(2) promote the landscape connectivity necessary to allow wildlife to move as necessary to meet biological needs, adjust to shifts in habitat, and adapt to climate change; and
(3) minimize the impacts of energy, development, water, transportation, and transmission projects and other activities expected to impact habitat and corridors.
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