The Value of GIS to Science

GIS technology supports many crucial aspects of scientific research and analysis, including epidemiology, climate change, mineral and petroleum exploration, alternative energy potential (wind and solar), water resource allocation and management, and endangered species restoration. While many GIS applications have traditionally focused on creating inventories of the natural and cultural environment, GIS is increasingly being used to create new knowledge and insight based on spatial analysis and modeling. Of particular value to practitioners in the social, biological, and earth science communities, GIS has the ability to bring together multiple datasets and help them understand complex systems that have a significant spatial component.