“The USGS provides a wide variety of emergency response agencies with geospatial data and images of storm areas. The USGS is a participating agency in the International Charter, which aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter, which is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property. The combination of the USGS image archive, coupled with its global data-transfer capability and onsite science staff, has proven to be an asset to the charter. For more information, visit the International Charter Web site or contact Brenda Jones at firstname.lastname@example.org or (605) 594-6503.”
CITYgreen software from American Forests performs complex analysis of ecosystem services and creates easy-to-understand reports. The software calculates dollar benefits for the services provided by trees and other green space in your specific area. CITYgreen is engineered as an extension to the ESRI’s ArcGIS software.
CITYgreen analyzes the ecological and economic benefits of tree canopy and other green space. The analysis is based on a landcover dataset that is provided by the user. The source of the landcover dataset can be derived from a variety of sources, such as aerial photography or satellite imagery. CITYgreen is useful for analyzing stormwater runoff, air pollution removal, carbon storage and sequestration, and landcover breakdown, and can also be used to perform alternate scenario modeling.
“At the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy, led by Lisa Shevenell, Nevada researchers are collecting and synthesizing key data through GIS technology in an effort to produce favorability maps of the state’s geothermal potential.”
“Everyone–government agencies, private organizations, and individuals–is facing a changing climate: an environment in which it is no longer prudent to follow routines based on past climatic averages. State and local agencies in particular, as well as the federal government, need to consider what they will have to do differently if the 100-year flood arrives every decade or so, if the protected areas for threatened species are no longer habitable, or if a region can expect more frequent and more severe wildfires, hurricanes, droughts, water shortages, or other extreme environmental events. Both conceptually and practically, people and organizations will have to adjust what may be life-long assumptions to meet the potential consequences of climate change. How and where should bridges be built? What zoning rules may need to be changed? How can targets for reduced carbon emissions be met? These and myriad other questions will need to be answered in the coming years and decades.
“Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate examines the growing need for climate-related decision support–that is, organized efforts to produce, disseminate, and facilitate the use of data and information in order to improve the quality and efficacy of climate-related decisions. Drawing on evidence from past efforts to organize science for improved decision making, it develops guidance for government agencies and other institutions that will provide or use information for coping with climate change. This volume provides critical analysis of interest to agencies at every level, as well as private organizations that will have to cope with the world’s changing climate.”