Ecological Impacts of Climate Change: New Booklet from the National Academies

ei_cover_largeLife on Earth is profoundly affected by the planet’s climate. Animals, plants, and other living beings around the globe are moving, adapting, and, in some cases, dying as a direct or indirect result of environmental shifts associated with our changing climate—disrupting intricate interactions among Earth’s species, with profound implications for the natural systems on which humans depend. To illuminate how climate change has affected species and ecosystems across the United States, this booklet, based on the conclusions of an independent, expert committee of the nation’s leading scientists, describes some of the ecological impacts of climate change that have already been observed right in our own backyard.

PARC Forum: The Science of Waves

parcThe Science of Waves . . . And the ecosystem surrounding the reef at Mavericks

Presented by Jeff Clark, founder/director, Mavericks Surf Contest

Thursday, 04 June 2009, 4 p.m. – 5 p.m.

Giant wave faces. Swirling boils. Explosive speed. Huge peaks that pitch almost straight out. Ever wonder what makes a Mavericks wave — the Mount Everest of surfing — so unique and completely intimidating? Much it has to do with what’s going on underneath the surface.

Mavericks is the world-renowned, big-wave break located 1/2 mile off the coast of Half Moon Bay, California. In 1975, Jeff Clark became the first person to ever surf Mavericks. Until 1990, he surfed there alone. Many believe this 15-year solo effort to be one of the great feats in surfing history. By the early 1990s, word of Jeff’s adventures began to spread. Since then Mavericks has moved into the foreground of big-wave surfing, attracting the most elite riders to test its limits each time it breaks. These riders are presented with waves as high as 50 feet, remarkably strong currents, dangerous rocks, shallow reefs, and frigid water temperatures.

Jeff Clark will talk about his Mavericks experiences, and the collaborative efforts by surfers and scientists to enhance their understanding of Mavericks wave crests, which involves careful tracking of the seafloor imagery of Mavericks, provided by the California Coast State Waters Mapping Project.

Each winter, during a waiting period typically set for sometime between December and March– when conditions are just right and giant swells roll in from far across the Pacific — The Mavericks Surf Contest — comes to Half Moon Bay. It is Jeff Clark who predicts and then calls the contest, bringing in, at two days’ notice, 24 of the world’s best big wave surfers to test themselves against the bone-chilling cold, ever-present dangers, and giant waves of Mavericks.

About the Presenter
Labeled one of the “world’s best big-wave riders” by Surfer magazine in 1994, Jeff Clark, along with Maverick’s and the Half Moon Bay surf scene, has been featured in such films as “Riding Giants” and “Adventures in Wild California.”

The annual Mavericks surf contest was founded and is directed by Jeff Clark. The invitational surf contest brings together the best and boldest big wave surfers from all over the world to Half Moon Bay. Clark also runs the Mavericks Surf Shop in the Princeton Harbor neighborhood of Half Moon Bay, not far from the famous break, where he sells his custom-made surfboards, surfing apparel, big wave photos, posters and more.

About PARC
A center for commercial innovation, PARC works closely with our clients to discover, test, and deliver new business opportunities, turning ideas into impact. Enterprises and entrepreneurs alike can gain new insights into customer needs, extend technical capabilities, and acquire valuable new technology assets.

Celebrated for innovations such as laser printing, the Ethernet, the graphical user interface, ubiquitous computing, blue lasers, MEMS, and large-area electronics, PARC has invented and contributed technologies that have helped launch more than 30 companies. PARC was founded in 1970, and incorporated in 2002 as a subsidiary of Xerox Corporation.