Dynamic GIS Case Studies: Wildfire Evacuation and Volunteered Geographic Information

uc2009Advances in GIScience: Research Session 2
2009 ESRI International User Conference
Tuesday, 14 July 2009, 10:15 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.
Room 29C

Edward Pultar, Martin Raubal, and Michael Goodchild, UCSB Geography Department, and Tom Cova, University of Utah Geography Department, will be presenting the following paper:

Dynamic GIS Case Studies: Wildfire Evacuation and Volunteered Geographic Information

Incorporating the temporal element into traditional GIS is a challenge that has been researched for many years and has many proposed solutions. The implemented system “Extended Dynamic GIS” or EDGIS is based on the “geo-atom” and Space Time Point (STP). EDGIS provides a platform for spatiotemporal data representation, storage, and query in order to address the need for a dynamic GIS to manage complex geographic data types. The system has the capability of executing spatiotemporal object interaction queries (OIQs) such as crossing and coincidence of field-objects and object-fields. In this paper existing dynamic GIS analysis techniques are further improved and enhanced through exploration of more in-depth case studies. Further examined here are applications to wildfire evacuation modeling and travel scenarios of urban environments with individuals providing volunteered geographic information (VGI).

Addressing Climate Change through Collective Intelligence

logo_mit-cci“We have a big project in the Center for Collective Intelligence on global climate change. We call it the Climate Collaboratorium. The starting premise is that many people would say that global climate change is one of, if not the most, important societal problem we face. And if ever there was a problem that needed the most collective intelligence we can muster, this would be one of them.

“So what can we do? How can we harness the collective intelligence of thousands of people all over the world and whatever computational resources they can take advantage of to help us humans figure this out?”

–Thomas Malone, Patrick J. McGovern Professor of Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management

    Indian Space Research Organisation Implements ESRI Software for Image Processing

    isroArcGIS Server and Its Image Extension Will Be Used throughout the Indian Government to Integrate Data with New-Generation Images

    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has reached an agreement with NIIT GIS Limited (ESRI India), ESRI’s distributor in India, to equip its five Regional Remote Sensing Service Centres (RRSSCs) with ArcGIS Server and the Image extension. The centers in Jodhpur, Dehradun, Kharagpur, Nagpur, and Bangalore use Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite and other imagery to create thematic maps and geographic information system (GIS) databases that provide valuable societal applications to various government agencies throughout India.

    With India’s success in remote-sensing technology through the IRS constellation, several new imagery-based and GIS-centric projects of national relevance are gaining visibility and importance. ISRO is presently implementing major programs related to natural resources, disaster management, environmental oversight, and groundwater and watershed management.

    The remote-sensing centers are establishing a distributed architecture of server-based solutions designed to be the foundation for publishing, hosting, and serving images and data. Over time, the RRSSCs have collected large volumes of map data and integrated them with attribute data. The centers plan to combine and assimilate all the data with new-generation IRS high-resolution images and serve the data and application sets across the government sector.

    The RRSSCs needed a GIS solution that met their needs and was scalable to meet growing demands for services from a large number of users for a variety of advanced applications. The centers selected ESRI’s proven technology and superior solutions after several rounds of technical presentations, demonstrations, and discussions. The RRSSCs and ESRI India have concluded a comprehensive training session, and RRSSC users have started developing the solution.

    Dr. Yvn Krishnamurthy, director of the RRSSCs, says, “ISRO users have been using ESRI products for a variety of applications, and many national programs have been based on GIS solutions. IRS imagery has been the source of thematic mapping inputs and provides end-to-end solutions under the umbrella of the National Natural Resources Management System. ArcGIS Server with the ArcGIS Server Image extension is a robust and integrated product and has capabilities that can meet our application needs of serving images and thematic maps to a variety of users. Our technical team is geared up to use these capabilities and develop solutions that will be unique and beneficial. We look forward to close support from ESRI in this endeavour.”

    Dr. Mukund Rao, president and chief operating officer at ESRI India, notes, “ISRO has been pioneering the use of IRS imagery and advancing GIS solutions for a long time. We are proud to be associated with [the organization] on this prestigious, first-of-its kind national project to serve image and map-based solutions in a GIS portal architecture. We value our relationship with ISRO and are committed in our support.”

    ArcGIS Server helps users connect people with the information they need via Web mapping applications and GIS services. It is built on a modern, service-oriented architecture. The ArcGIS Server Image extension makes it possible to take raw or pre-processed imagery and immediately deliver it as a Web service. It enables organizations to exploit the rich information content available in imagery and quickly access large volumes of imagery. This is far superior to traditional options that required significant effort by users to locate and make file-based imagery available.

    Organizations are moving to newer technology platforms because of their need to leverage imagery throughout their entire enterprise and the new capabilities available for working with imagery. “We provide some really remarkable and powerful new tools that enable things to happen in near-real time–things like delivering and displaying imagery, roaming around the imagery, zooming in to the imagery, and doing on-the-fly mosaicking and orthorectification of the imagery,” says Lawrie Jordan, ESRI’s director of imagery enterprise solutions. “Customers like this because they are seeing immediate benefits in terms of performance and the quality of their results.”

    ESRI India envisions that this new software deployment and implementation will serve as a key reference within all Indian government agencies, especially those that disseminate and/or consume imagery and imagery-related data.

    Citizen Science: GIS for Conservation Science Paper Session at the ESRI User Conference

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    GIS for Conservation Science
    2009 ESRI International User Conference
    Tuesday, 14 July 2009, 8:30 a.m. to 9:45 a.m.
    Room 32 B

    “Citizen Science is a generic name given to the different ways that volunteers and citizens can contribute to scientific data of all kinds. Ranging from birdwatchers to water quality testing, there are thousands of opportunities, and online GIS is playing an increasingly important role in the management, understanding and support of citizen science efforts.”

    Papers in this session include:

    WebMapping at the Nature Conservancy
    Danielle Conboy, the Nature Conservancy

    Distribution of Least Bell’s Vireo in Border Field State Park
    Andrew Fisher, EDAW, Inc.

    Interdisciplinary Research in Ecology using GIS Technique at Kimmes Tobin
    Donald Davidson, Mary Balcer, and William Bajjali, University of Wisconsin-Superior

    Society for Conservation GIS Conference, 18-21 July 2009

    The Society for Conservation GIS (SCGIS) will be holding their twelfth annual conference 18-21 July 2009 at the Northwoods Resort and Conference Center at Big Bear Lake, California. This is immediately following the ESRI International User Conference (13-17 July 2009 at the San Diego Convention Center in California).

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    “The theme for the 2009 Society of Conservation GIS conference is Connecting across Boundaries. To achieve our conservation goals we are often challenged to work and connect across boundaries. These boundaries may be spatial in nature, and are often of human origin, such as the boundaries of parks and protected areas, national administrative boundaries (states or provinces), or international boundaries. But we also work hard to cross other boundaries that are not spatial but equally represent barriers that must be crossed as we work with local communities, government agencies and industry, requiring us to find ways to connect across cultural, religious, administrative, departmental, intellectual and frequently technical boundaries. Maps and GIS often provide the needed catalyst for us to connect across these boundaries to achieve positive conservation outcomes. We will take the opportunity to consider the challenges of working and connecting across boundaries for conservation, and the many other challenges we face as members of the Conservation GIS Community at our 2009 SCGIS Conference.”