The Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN) is a mechanism for sharing invasive species information across the planet. The program provides a framework for information management and data exchange, as well as access to data models and other useful resources. Scientists can use GISIN to search for useful data on the occurrence of invasive species across the globe.
Within the last month, forest plot data from Amazonian Peru has been made publicly available www.forestplots.net. The forest plots database is intended to be a permanent repository for forest inventory data. The database promotes data sharing among the scientific community, and provides access to publicly available forest inventory data.
…from Scientific American, scientists at Columbia University’s Earth Institute and the U.S. Geological Survey have produced a set of maps showing rocks in the United States that are known to soak up CO2. More study is needed, but scientists hope that some day such rocks could be be coaxed to absorb carbon dioxide and possibly slow global climate change.
The Open Geospatial Consortium Inc. (OGC(R)) will launch the second phase of an Interoperability Experiment on ocean science interoperability at a meeting ( http://www.oostethys.org/oceansie2) on March 20, 2009. The initiators of the experiment seek participation by other organizations interested in interoperability among information systems used in ocean research.
In December 2006 OGC members started Oceans Science Interoperability Experiment Phase I (Oceans IE Phase I) to investigate use of services implementing the OpenGIS (TM) Web Feature Services (WFS) and Sensor Observation Services (SOS) Interface Standards for representing and exchanging point data records from fixed in-situ marine platforms. (See the final report at http://www.oostethys.org/outreach/working_folder/ogcreport/ogc-oie-20080822.pdf/view).
Oceans IE Phase II will address issues that arose in Phase 1, including: an encoding standard for trajectories (of, for example, autonomous underwater vehicles); long time series services; services involving complex systems; and services that are event based (e.g. tsunami sensors within +/-12 hrs of a tsunami) and others.
Potentially, the participants will submit to the OGC Technical Committee change requests for existing OGC standards to influence evolution of these standards. The Interoperability Experiment is not expected to result in new OGC standards.
The OGC members acting as initiators of Oceans IE II are:
- Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA)
- Texas A&M University – Academy for Advanced Telecommunications and Learning Technologies (TAMU)
- National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
- Monterrey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI)
- Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS)
Organizations that wish to participate and that can meet the Requirements for Participation (see Oceans Science Interoperability Experiment Activity Plan ( http://www.oostethys.org/oceansie2) must notify the OGC before March 18, 2009 of their desire to participate.
Contact Carl Reed at firstname.lastname@example.org for further details.
Video of Carl Steinitz (Research Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture, Harvard University Graduate School of Design) from e-waterexpo.net week 2: Water and Cities (26 June, 2008).
I just ran across a blog post from June 2006 by Nigel Waters titled “GIS Bridges Scientific Modes.” Interesting classification of GIS as Mode 2 (holistic, integrative, multidisciplinary) science, as opposed to Mode 1 (specialized, reductionist) science.
The Arizona Geological Survey has published a great online geologic map of the state using ArcGIS Server, ready to use in a variety of formats.
ARMAP 3D (www.armap.org) allows users to dynamically interact with information about U.S. federally funded research projects in the Arctic. This virtual globe allows users to explore data maintained in the Arctic Research & Logistics Support System (ARLSS) database. Users can fly to study sites, view receding glaciers in 3D, and access linked reports about specific projects. ARMAP 3D was officially released last December at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) conference in San Francisco, CA.
Now available in prepublication form for online reading from the National Academies Press is a new book titled Restructuring Federal Climate Research to Meet the Challenges of Climate Change.
“Climate change is one of the most important global environmental problems facing the world today. Policy decisions are already being made to limit or adapt to climate change and its impacts, but there is a need for greater integration between science and decision making. This book proposes six priorities for restructuring the United States’ climate change research program to develop a more robust knowledge base and support informed responses:
* Reorganize the Program Around Integrated Scientific-Societal Issues
* Establish a U.S. Climate Observing System
* Support a New Generation of Coupled Earth System Models
* Strengthen Research on Adaptation, Mitigation, and Vulnerability
* Initiate a National Assessment of the Risks and Costs of Climate Change Impacts and Options to Respond
* Coordinate Federal Efforts to Provide Climate Information, Tools, and Forecasts Routinely to Decision Makers”
National Academies Press has released a new book called Cleaning Up Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Materials: International Workshop Proceedings. Included is a paper titled “Use of GIS for Assessing Territories Contaminated with Radioactive Materials” by A. N. Plate and A. V. Vesselovsky from the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ore Deposits and Geology.